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11th November 1932
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Page 78, 11th November 1932 — STAND-TO-STAND REVIEW
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Full Report of the Commercial-vehicle Exhibits to be Seen at the Kelvin Hall, Glasgow. Fine Range of Passenger Models as well as Goods Carriers

TO-DAY, November 11, the 31st Annual Scottish Motor Exhibition opens at the Kelvin Hall, Glasgow. This fine display of private cars, commercial vehicles, accessories, components, garage equipment, etc., is organized by the Scottish Motor Trade Association, the secretary of which, Mr. David A. Pairley, has his offices at 3, Palmerston Place, Edinburgh,

This will be the only comprehensive exhibition of commercial vehicles in Great Britain this year, and it is of importance that, at a time when trade the world over is seriously disorganized,

applications for exhibition space have been heavier than ever before, so that the whole area of the Kelvin Hall will be occupied by the latest products of the motor industry. The Show remains open until Saturday, November 19, and the ordinary rates of admission are :— Weekdays, 10 a.m. to 6 p.m., 2s. 6d.; 6 p.m. to 10 p.m., 1s. • Saturdays, 10 a.m. to 2 p.m., 2s. 641.; 2 p.m. to 10 p.m., is.

We give below a full stand-to-stand review of the commercial-vehicle exhibits, prepared, in the main, from personal examination of them. Indeed, several of the models shown have been subjected to our standard road test under full load, their performance having been reported upon fully in this paper.

It will be appreciated that, even as late as yesterday (Thursday) evening one or two alterations may have been made by exhibitors in regard to the vehicles and chassis on their stands, but, with this reservation, we are able to introduce what may be relied upon as an authentic account of the exhibits that are of 'interest to the readers of The Commercial Motor.


Western Motor Co., Ltd., 117, Berkeley Street, Glasgow.

THIS company represents the wellknown Bedford vehicles, made by Vauxhall Motors, Ltd., Luton.

The largest Bedford chassis made is a 2-tanner, and a typical unit of this capacity is the long-wheelbase platform lorry shown. A similar chassis is seen equipped with a general carrier's body, whilst the manner in which Bedford chassis may be employed for the purposes of special trades is illustrated by a further long-wheelbase chassis carrying a special van body for bakery work.

For the transport of road materials and similar loose loads, a Bedford vehicle, equipped as a three-way tipper with Brornilow and Edwards body and hydraulic tipping gear, is a serviceable outfit, whilst the way in which the chassis may be adapted for the transport of bulky loads is well demonstrated by a short-wheelbase chassis, equipped as an articulated six-wheeler by the application of the Dragon attachment made by the Truck and Tractor Appliance Co. (Manchester), Ltd. This capacious six-wheeler has a furniture van body, panelled in aluminium.

But one example of Bedford passenger vehicle has been chosen for display, this being, perhaps, the most popular type. It is the 20-seater vehicle, with allweather bodywork by the Western Motor Co., Ltd.


Albion Motors, Ltd., Scotstoun, Glasgow.

S announced in our issue for last week, this famous Scottish company, exhibiting, as it were, in its own country, has entered the important market for double-deck buses, and its new model, the Venturer, seen as a 51-seater with Cowiesen body, will be the centre of interest on what is probably the largest stand at the Show.

The general design of the large sixcylindered engine follows lines that have proved successful in the Valiant singledecker, inclined overhead valves, operated by a high camshaft, being the outstanding feature. In this case the cylinders are cast separately from the crankcase. There is an exposed clutch and a separate gearbox, and the transmission line is offset to give a low floor 'level. The vehicle complies with Ministry of Transport regulations, and incorporates

Cowieson emergency exit in the front bulkhead of the upper saloon.

The Valiant chassis is seen with a 32-passenger service bus body by W. Alexander and Sons, Ltd., Stirling. The vehicle is similar to many used by the Alexander concern in its own touring service, the entrance being at the front.

Two goods models appear on the Albion stand. The 6-tonner is shown in chassis form and has a four-cylindered side-valve engine, a feature of importance being that, despite quite obvious strength, a full-weight body and a 0-ton load can be carried without exceeding legal axle weights. The company also supplies this 6-Loaner with oil engine, if required.

The popular 3i-4-tonner is shown as a lorry with the driver's position behind the engine, but it must not be forgotten that a forward-control variation is made, also that there are optional wheelbase lengths. The servo braking system on this vehicle has a convenient single master adjustment, another time-saving point being that grouped-nipple chassis lubrication is employed. The platform body of the vehicle displayed, which is built by Messrs. James Muirhead and Sons, Maryhill, Glasgow, measures 13 ft. 6 ins. by 6 ft. 9 ins.; the long-wheelbase forward-control chassis will accommodate a body up to 16 ft. 6 ins, in length. Several other •Albions are to be seen on different stands and are referred te under their respective headings.


Bassleigh, Ltd., 32, Shandwiek Place, Edinburgh.

DENNIS vehicles, for which this con cern is an agent, occupy stand 73, and probably the Lancet chassis and vehicles, together with the 8i-tonner, which is a similar model, will attract most interest.

The Lancet is a simple but well-designed chassis, with a four-cylindered engine and a 16ft. 4-in. wheelbase. In the case of the 32-35-seater bus bodies, the useful space for coachwork behind the driver's cab is 22 ft. 7 ins. long. The standard chassis price is £650, and the Dennis patent automatic clutch and easy-change gear can be fitted at 140 extra. This device was described in our issue dated October 28, and

will be exhibited as a separate unit.

The Lancet 32-seater bus (finished in tan and cream) is priced at 1,000 guineas, whilst the 26-seater observation coach is listed at £1,375. It will be noticed that a single step leads to the upper deck of this beautiful vehicle, and a splendid view is afforded from the 16 raised seats, all of which face forward. There is about 110 cubic ft. of luggage space below this deck, and the vehicle is equipped with lavatory accommodation.

A Dennis Lance 52-seater double-deck bus for Leeds Corporation is an impos ing vehicle on this stand. Several buses of this type are in operation in London and elsewhere, and a feature of the model shown is the easy gear-change device referred to above.

The Dennis 3A-ton normal-control goods chassis has a Dorman-Ricardo oil engine and the body space is 14 ft. 7 ins. long, the wheelbase being 14 ft.

A speciality of the Dennis concern is the fitting of forward control to its c37 smaller models, and the 30-cwt. chassis, which has a wheelbase of 11 ft., will accommodate a body no less than 12 ft. 10 ins. long. This vehicle has a wormdrive axle and a spherically headed torque tube with central roller bearing for the propeller shaft. The chassis price is £315.


A. Matherand Sons, Orwell Works, Dairy Road, Edinburgh.

OF the several stands on which various Commer models are displayed, the stand of this Edinburgh concern is of particular interest, because it affords an opportunity to examine three new models.

Probably the most important of these is the GL3 3-tonner, which was fully described and illustrated in our issue dated September 30. It is a modern type of petrol-driven vehicle, with a four-cylindered engine, developing 70 b.h.p. at 2,500 r.p.m.

The other two entirely new models are the 8-cwt, and 15-cwt. delivery vans. The 8-cwt. model has a four-cylindered sidevalve engine with aluminium pistons, three-bearing crankshaft and threepoint flexible rubber suspension, the power developed being 30 b.h.p., so that a good average speed over the day's work can be expected. The 15-cwt. van has a six-cylindered engine with fourbearing crankshaft and camshaft, this also being three-point mounted. The frame is sturdy, having seven crossmembers. The idea is that the vehicle should represent a good export proposition and, for this reason, left-hand steer ing can he provided. Self-energizing shoes are employed in the four-wheel brakes.

The fourth exhibit on this stand is the Commer Centaur 2-ton platform lorry.


A. and D. Fraser, BS, Springkell Avenue, Maxwell Park, Glasgow.

QUITE a big selection of Morris and Morris-Commercial vehicles, including all the popular models, appears on the stand of this thasgow agent. The Morris range consists of the now well-established 5-cwt. van, listed at £110, and the Morris Light Van, the price of which is £160.

In the main, the design of these vehicles has not recently been interfered with, but the appearance of each is much improved. The load space of the smaller van is 3 ft. 4 ins, long behind the driver, and approximately the same in width and height, giving a capacity of about 38 cubic ft., whilst the load space' on the larger van, which has the 1432-h.p. engine, is 4 ft. 6 ins. long, 4 ft. 3i ius, wide and 3 ft. 10 ins, high, giving 70 cubic ft. Both are most useful models for retailers.

Those requiring larger vehicles can consider the Morris-Commercial range, the smallest of which is the 15-cwt. van, listed at £195. The loading height of this vehicle is only 2 ft. 7/ ins. The specification is straightforward and includes a four-cylindered engine, develop ing 82 b.h.p. The capacity is about 100 cubic ft.

The well-known 30-cwt. vehicle with 45 b.h.p. four-cylindered engine is another attractive exhibit ; this has a wheelbase of 11 ft. 2 ins. The 2-tonner, seen with lorry body, is of a size that is widely used throughout the country. As exhibited, the price is 1263, and this vehicle also employs a 45b.h.p. engine. It has a wheelbase of 13 ft., although there is a shorter model with a wheelbase of 11 ft. 2 ins.

- One of the heavier Morris-Commercials is the Courier 5-ton forward-control machine, which Messrs. Fraser have decided to show in chassis form. This has a straightforward four-cylindered engine developing no less than 85 b.h.p. at 2,500 r.p.m. The design, generally speaking, follows modern practice, and the triangular webs of the deep crossmembers will be appreciated as giving good rigidity. Vacuum-servo braking is employed ; the wheelbase is 13 ft. 6 ins. STAND 70.

Alexander Motors, Semple Street, Edinburgh.

TWO examples of the popular Dennis Lancet passenger vehicle are available, the bodies being built by Alexander Motors. These are similar, except that one has a luggage boot fitted to the roof and incorporates certain differences of upholstery and interior equipment. The chassis has a 16-ft. 4-in, wheelbase and a four-cylindered 85 b.h.p. engine, and in each case accommodation is provided for 32 passengers, the body having a rather attractive eddy-free front. Double-spring frames of special design are used for the seat cushions. One of the vehicles has a Clayton heater.

An Albion Valkyrie 32-seater bus with body of the exhibitor's make forms the third passenger-vehicle exhibit, the seats of this vehicle being upholstered in moquette.

Finally, there is a B.S.A. 7-cwt. delivery van of the four-cylinder watercooled type with front drive, the capacity of the body being 75 cubic ft.


Westfield Autoear Co., Ltd., 108, Lothian Road, Edinburgh.

THIS Edinburgh house shows a range of Morris-Commercial and Morris models, including the 80-cwt. lorry, the 1-ton van, and the Dictator single-deck lies of the former make, also the Morris 8-cwt. and 5-ewt. vans.

Details worth noting of the 30-cwt. van include the four-cylindered 45 b.h.p. engine, the 11-ft. 2-in, wheelbase and body-space dimensions of 9 ft. by 5 ft. 6 ins. The 1-ton van has a 32 b.11-1). four-cylindered engine and 10-ft. 2-in. wheelbase.

The Morris-Commercial Dictator has six-cylindered power unit, developing 120 b.h.p. at 2,600 r.p.m., which, together with the radiator, gearbox, front axle and wheels, can be quickly moved forward for inspection or overhaul. The forward-control model has a 16-ft. 4a-in. wheelbase, and the exhibit is notable for the all-steel body fitted, this being a product of the Metropolitan-Cammell Carriage, Wagon and Finance Co., Ltd. It seats 34 passengers.

The Morris 8-cwt. van has a 32 b.h.p. engine and a load space of 70 cubic ft., the price being £160, whilst the 5-cwt. van has an S h.p. four-cylindered engine and a load capacity of 38 cubic ft., the price being £110. STAND 78.

Scottish Motor Traction Co., Ltd., 71, Lothian Road, Edinburgh.

SEVERAL examples of the Bedford goods-carrying vehicle are displayed by this important Scottish company. These include the 10-12-cwt. light delivery van, the 30-cwt. chassis with drop-side lorry body, and four forms of the 2-tonner, which was the first Bed ford model to be introduced. One of these 2-ton chassis has a special furniture van, of rather attractive appearance and a comparatively big interior volume, and another is equipped as a cattle truck.

Two platform lorries comprise the other two exhibits, one of these incorporating the short-wheelbase and the other the long-wheelbase chassis. The two wheelbase lengths available for this chassis are 10 ft. 11 ins. and 13 ft. 1 in.

'STAND 79. Armstrong-Saurer Commercial Vehicles, Ltd., Scotswood, Newcastle. THE exhibit of this important Newcastle company consists entirely of oil-engined goods carriers, and includes a new model in the Diligent 4-5-tonner, this having the company's four-cylindered 65 b.h.p. engine. A full description and road-test report on this interesting and well-built unit appeared in our issue dated October 28.

It has two outstanding features which visitors should not miss. One is an easy-change auxiliary gearbox (or "super gear "), which, in conjunction with the four-speed box, gives eight for ward speeds, all of which are available freely when travelling. The change to or from super gear is effected on the pre-selection principle, and cuts out all difficulty and delay. Economy, good hill-climbing and a high average speed are the result.

The other special feature is the Knorrtype compressed air brake fitted to this chassis. Pressures up to 100 lb. per sq. in. can be maintained in the large air reservoir, giving most effective braking, whilst wear of the friction material, which is of large area, is automatically taken up. An example of the Diligent chassis is seen carrying a flat platform body.

The company's maximum-load fourwheeler, the Dauntless, which is capable of carrying 7 tons to 8 tons, or, with a trailer, 14 tons to 16 tons, is seen in chassis form. This unit has the sixcylindered engine, developing 100 b.h.p. at 2,000 r.p.m. It is similar in general design to the Diligent ; in fact, all the models of this make follow standard principles in this respect.

Two most impressive outfits are the two Dauntless six-wheelers. One of these is shown as a chassis and is sure to attract much attention, for, in addition to the features mentioned above, it has a remarkable rear-axle design, and larger rear springs than probably any other vehicle at the Show. These are 9 ft. 5 ins. long. The machine is described as an 11-12-tonner and is intended for maximum legal loads. It can be equipped with either twin tyres on each rear wheel, or else 13.5-in. by 20-in, single low-pressure tyres, these being mounted on Goodyear K-type rims.

An example of the company's builtnp roller-bearing crankshaft with flywheel, quite an outstanding piece of engineering, is available for inspection, and one of the six-cylindered oil engines, not in a chassis, is mounted for close examination, as well as a sectional model showing the combustion chamber, fuel pump, dash, etc. It should be mentioned that, in its latest form, the engine has an improved output, due to a cylinder-head modification which reduces the recess in which the inlet and exhaust valves operate.

STAND 811.

T. S. Motors, Ltd., Victoria Works, Maidstone.

THIS old-established Maidstone concern is showing an improved example of the popular T.S.M. Express chassis • with four-cylindered petrol engine. This engine, incidentally, is noted for its fuel economy. A point of special interest about the exhibit is that a form of transmission is incorporated, which, whilst embodying the advantages of a fluid clutch, yet permits the use of the latest form of Express gearbox, which for many years has been a feature of these vehicles. Behind the gearbox is a Salerni coupling, taking the form of a dog clutch that is automatically disengaged, so as to give the effect that while gear-changes are being made the gearbox is isolated from both the engine and the propeller shaft, and a freewheeling action follows until the engine is accelerated to correspond with the road speed of the vehicle.

A six-cylindered coach chassis with a power output of 110 b.h.p. also is shown, and it should be noted by those interested in coach operation necessitating, perhaps, more than ordinary power that a specially tuned model is available, the output of which is 130-134 b.h.p. The axle of this chassis is not offset, and, so as to facilitate maintenance, the clutch and gearbox are separate.

The company's double-decker chassis is seen on this stand, this having a similar type of engine, and being capable of accommodating a body for 52-56 passengers. Incidentally, a demonstration vehicle of this type is available in Glasgow equipped with a Gardner sixcylindered oil engine ; in this form the chassis has been road-tested by The Commercial Motor.

The goods-carrying range is represented by the company's 2-tonner, a feature of which is that, with a body allowance of 13i cwt., the laden weight comes to only 4 tons 2/ cwt. The vehicle has been specially designed for short-distance work with many stops, and the engine-gearbox unit is mountedamidships at a low level, the driver being accommodated at the very front of the vehicle on a platform so low as to give him very easy egress and ingress. The

vehicle is most suitable for refusecollection purposes, the tipping body employed giving easy access to the power unit. It is also, for the same reason, suitable for operation with liftvan bodies.


Armour and Melvin, Ltd., Kilmarnock Road, Newlands, Glasgow.

THE company makes a feature of the Dorman oil engine embodying Ricardo principles, for which it has been appointed distributor for Scotland. The engine is made by a reputable concern, 010 and is built on sound, orthodox lines. According to the gear ratios provided the unit shown, which is a four-cylindered model (type 411.13L) and develops 90 b.h.p., is suitable for vehicles of payload capacity between 31 tons and, say, 10 tons.

The latest models of Singer delivery van are seen on the same stand, these including the junior 5-cwt. van and the 10-cwt. and 15-cwt. vehicles. The smallest of these is supplied at an inclusive price of £120. Features of the 10-cwt. van that are emphasized are provisions for eliminating vibration and excluding fumes from the interior of the vehicle.

The 15-cwt. van has a six-cyliudered 46 b.h.p. engine, and it will be noted that the equipment includes either roller shutters or folding doors, according to the class of duty for which the machine is purchased. The body space is 112 cubic ft.


Ritehies, Ltd., 333, Scotland Street, Glasgow.

THE company represents the interests of Reo Motors (Britain), Ltd., and is concentrating on four goods-carrying

models, two of which are shown in chassis form. The 35-40-cwt. class is represented by a model A four-cylinder chassis and a model C four-cylinder van. The type was introduced by the company in 1931; and is of simple and straightforward layout, amply robust.

The four-cylindered engine develops 51 b.h.p. at 2,500 r.p.m. The same type of chassis, incidentally, can be equipped with a six-cylindered unit, giving 61 b.h.p. Down-draught carburetters are a feature.

The more recently introduced TD and TB 21-tonners both are displayed, the former carrying a lorry body. These machines incorporate the latest edition of the famous Gold Crown six-cylinde red power unit, which first made its appearance in 1927. It has a seven-bearing crankshaft and a chromium-nickel cylinder block, also pistons of a new low-expansion type. A down-draught carburetter is fitted and there is thermostatic control of the water temperature, a feature being the baffle plates in the water jackets to prevent large differences of temperature between the cylinders. From the operating standpoint the, important feature is that the 2i-tonner comes within the category having a legal speed of 30 m.p.h.

It may be noted that the chassis price of the A type is £269 and that of the TB type 1333. Both of these models have been road-tested and reported upon in The Commercial Motor.


Wylie and Lochhead, Ltd., 97, Berkeley Street, Glasgow.

A FURTHER, display of Commer models is available here, including a 6-6i-ton chassis with platform body, this being supplied to the order of the

Cement Marketing Co. Ltd.; also a 4-ton forward-control chassis with similar body, a Centaur short-wheelbase 2-tonner' and a Raider 1i-ton van.

The 6-64-tanner has a six-eylindered engine and four-speed gearbox, and is available in three wheelbase lengths— namely, 12 ft., 14 ft. and 15 ft. The 4-tonner can be had with either normal or forward control, the latter being chosen for exhibition. As reported recently in The Commercial Motor, it is of modified design. Two wheelbase lengths-12 ft. 6 ins. and 13 ft. 6 ins. —are available. The outfit ha a a four_ cylindered engine and, in the form exhibited, it is intended for trailer work.

The Centaur and Raider are two popular chassis in the lighter class, eaeh having a six-cylindered engine and fourspeed gearbox. The Centafir shown has a 10-ft. 6-in, wheelbase, but it can be obtained with a wheelbase of 12 ft. 9 ins.


Halley Motors, Ltd., Yoker, Glasgow.

THE works of this Scottish company are at Yoker, Glasgow, and the exhibits include the Neptune double-deck bus, complete with body, the Clansman single-deck bus and a GE2 forward-control 61-ton lorry. The doable-deckel has a six-cylindered 115 b.h.p, engine, with unit gearbox and offset transmission. The braking system is of the latest Dewandre three-unit type, the front cylinders being mounted on the swivel-pin assemblies. The bodywork is by F. D. Cowieson and Co., Ltd., Glasgow, and the ivory finish with greest waist and cant-rails and roof, carried out in cellulose, makes the vehicle quite distinguished.

The single-decker has the same type of engine, in connection with which it may be mentioned that the combustion chamber is of the Ricardo kind with masked inlet valves, and that centrifugally cast wet liners are fitted. Teettlemit chassis lubrication is specified.

The 61-tonner has a sided platform body no less than 20 ft. 5 ins. long ahe platform height being just 3 ft. This outfit has a four-eylindered engine.


Leyland Motors, Ltd., Leyland, Lanes.

THDRE are two new models in the wide range which this famous company is showing. These are the Llama low-loading four-wheeler, which has a gross capacity "(including body) of 7 tons 5 ewt, and the four-cylinder Cub, which has a gross capacity of 21 tons.

The six-cylinder Cub is, of course, a well-established model by now, but the four-cylinder model meets the special need of those operating primarily in and about docks, yards and warehouses. The engine gives 40 b.h.p. and has a fivebearing crankshaft. With forward control and a 10-ft. wheelbase, a 10-ft. body length is obtained, giving a useful load space for so compact a vehicle.

The Llama has a six-cylindered engine and a wheelbase of 17 ft. 6 ins. It is shown as a display van, with Cowieson body, and is clearly a vehicle for high speeds, calling for low loading height and good road-holding qualities, the chassis design closely following passenger-vehicle practice. The appearance is excellent.

The Badger four-cylinder chassis for gross loads of 4-i tons has a wheelbase of 14 ft. 5 ins, and is a well-established

medium-ea acity model. The Bull fourwheeler, f di gross loads a 7 tons 5 cwt., has a slightly larger engine than that in the Llama, and the wheelbase is 14 ft. 4 ins., the body, in this case, being a product of John Gibson and Son, Ltd., Leith, and Aberdeen. .

Pinally, the Titanic, the largest exhibit on the Leyland stand, is a sixwheeled double-deck bus, which has not previously been exhibited. It seats 60 Passengers., 26 in the lower saloon and 34 ia the upper saloon, and has a six

eylindered engine and three-differential final drive by underslung worms. The standard axle ratio is 7.75 to 1, and the wheelbase is 17 ft to the bogie centre, the two driving axles being 4 ft. apart.


Crossley Motors, Ltd., Gorton, Manchester.

THE company is keenly interested in the progress of the oil engine and is showing its latest type of oil-engined double-deck bus in chassis form and complete with body, as well as an example of the Atlas oil-engined 6-tonner. There will be one petrol-engined vehicle, viz., an Alpha single-decker with four

cylindered engine, four-speed gearbox and four-wheel servo brakes, this carrying a body of special all-metal construction, built by H. V. 13urlinghani, Ltd., Blackpool.

Reverting to the double-decker exhibits, a feature of the bare chassis shown is that it has the Wilson preselective gearbox with finger control mounted on the steering column, so that to change gear the driver need not remove his hand from the wheel. In this, and the example shown with body, the Oroasley oil engine fitted develops 100 b.h.p. at 1,700 r.p.m. The body seats 48 passengers and has been built to the order of Widnes Corporation. It is of typical municipal design and has an excellent appearance.

The Atlas 6-tonner also has a 100 b.h.p. oil engine, four-speed gearbox and four-wheel brakes. STAND 87, 3. Ross and Son, Loehrin, Tol'cross, Edinburgh.

THIS Edinburgh concern specializes in Commer vehicles, and is showing two examples of the Centaur chassis, one being a goods carrier and the other a 20-seater type, complete with body. The goods carrier has a 12-ft. 9-in, wheelbase and a standard drep-side lorry body, the price of the complete vehicle in priming paint being £315.

The passenger vehicle will attract attention by reason of its stippled gold and brown finish, and it should be noted that it has Dunlop truck-type tyres, an extra that is available at £6 10s. The standard chassis is priced at £295, whilst with body, as shown, it costs £325 (list price). This body is a product of Mes.srs. William Walker, Aberdeen, who are Commer distributors for that district.

STAND 87a.

MacHarg, Rennie and Lindsay, LW., 1.6, Berkeley Street, Glasgow.

THIS Glasgow company is showing vehicles of two distinct classes. One is the Manchester 2-tonner, a wellknown general-purpose chassis with a four-cylindered, five-bearing engine and a wheelbase of 10 ft. 6 ins. The other field catered for by the company is represented by Standard delivery vans, and an interesting special use of the Standard Big Nine four-cylinder chassis is shown by equipping it with a lorry body suitable for the retail milk trade.

Complete, the price is £195. The same chassis with delivery van body sells at £165.

In each case the wheelbase is 8 ft. 4i ins., and the four-speed gearbox has a silent third gear. The tax on the van is £15, the weight being 161 cwt.


John I. Thornycroft and Co., Ltd., Basingstoke.

TWO examples of the latest Thorny croft petrol-engined vehicles are exhibited. The first is a 52-seater double.deck bus, built for Dundee Corporation. This has the Daring (type DD) forward-control chassis with six-cylindered engine of 100 b.h.p., and the all-metal body is by Metropolitan-Cammell-Weymann, Ltd. The construction is worth studying, for it is very strong.

The ether petrol-engined vehicle is the Thornycroft Bulldog 2-ton platform C42 lorry, incorporating the A10-type chassis, with four-cylindered 41 b.h.p. engine. The platform body has interior dimensions of 11 ft. 2 ins. and 6 ft. 3i ins., and it may be noted that the model is available in two optional wheelbases, and that, if desired, forward control may be provided.

The Taurus 6k-ton chassis is shown with four-cylindered oil engine of 92 b.h.p. This is the latest oil engine produced by the Thornycroft company, and it was fully described in this paper a few weeks ago. It is built to start from cold by means of an electric starter, without the aid of heater plugs and, when warm, can be started by hand. A feature is that, whilst the engine and gearbox form a unit, it is pos sible for either to be removed separately. The Scottish branch of the company is at 61, Bishop Street, Anderston, Glasgow.


D. Carlaw and Sons, Ltd., 18, Bothwell Street, Glasgow.

AUSTIN models for the commercial market are shown by this Glasgow concern, each being complete with body. The six-cylinder 10-cwt. chassis, with 8-ft. 10-in, wheelbase, is shown with van body and, in complete form, sells at £190. The four-cylinder 6-8-cwt. chassis, with 7-ft. 9-in, wheelbase, also is seen with a van body, the price being £149 5s.

A third van is displayed, having the four-cylinder 5-cwt. chassis of 6-ft. 9-in. wheelbase, the price complete being £113 10s.

Finally, one of the Austin ambulances with six-cylindered engine of 3i-in. bore and 4i-in. stroke is available for inspection. This has a wheelbase of 11 ft. 10 ins, and sells complete at £690, ex works. All the Austin models are well tried and reputed, and are backed up by a good service all over the country.


Daimler Co., Ltd., Daimler Works, Coventry.

THIS company shows three passenger models, all incorporating its fluid flywheel and self-changing gearbox. The most imposing of the exhibits probably is the CP6 double-decker with Park Royal bodywork. This has the company's poppet-valve engine tof .6.561

litre capacity, the valves, incidentally, being of the overhead push-rod-operated type. Coil ignition is provided and there is a spare coil. The braking of the double-decker is on the Dewandre three-servo principle, and hydraulic recoil dampers are fitted at both front and rear. The rear wheels have 9.00-in. by 20-in, twin low-pressure tyres, whilst 36-in. by 8-in. tyres are fitted on the front wheels. The wheelbase of this 52passenger vehicle is 16 ft. 3-?-6. ins., and the price of the complete bus is £1,675.

The CP6 single-decker is shown with a 32-seater body by Charles Roberts and Co., Ltd., Wakefield. This has the same type of engine and the same length of wheelbase, and the complete bus costs £1,384. The all-weather coach, shown with Cowieson bodfvork, incorporates the company's sleeve-valve engine of 5.764litre capacity. The sleeves are, of course, of the latest steel type, positively operated by a chain-driven eccentric shaft. Like the single-deck bus, it has low-pressure 8.25-in, tyres on all wheels, and the body seats 26 passengers. The price of this bus is £1,450.


Associated Equipment Co., Ltd., Windmill Lane, Southall.

THIS most important British manu facturer has decided to concentrate on the display of two fine examples of its products, one for the goods market and the other a passenger carrier.

The 120 b.h.p. Regal coach is a most popular unit, there being no fewer than 1,390 of these vehicles to-day engaged in regular service up and down the country. The Regal is well known in Scotland, as the Scottish Motor Traction Co., Ltd,, has 79 such vehicles. The overhead-valve engine has certain special features, sucn as detachable valve seatings, magneto ignition with automatic advance (although coil ignition can be specified), overhead camshaft, split-skirt aluminium pistons, seven-bearing crankshaft and an automatically adjustable timing chain. The engine and gearbox are in unit construction, and a semi-floating type of rear axle is fitted.

The coach body accommodates 24 passengers, and has been built by Duple Bodies and Motors, Ltd., Hendon, London. It incorporates an all-weather head, and, whilst affording comfortable seating space for the 28 passengers, has sufficient length to accommodate a toilet compartment. The main door is of the sliding type and is situated at the rear.

The other A.E.C. exhibit is the Mom. moth oil-eugined four-wheeler for maximum legal loads. The 130 b.h.p. sixcylindered engine is the outcome of three years' intensive research by A.E.C. engineers, and it runs at speeds up to 3,000 r.p.m., the capacity being 8.85 litres. The platform body, built by Oswald Tillotson, Ltd., Burnley, has dimensions of 20 ft. by 7 ft. 6 ins.

Another A.E.C. Regal vehicle is to be seen on the stand (No. 95) of F. D. Cowieson and Co., Ltd.


Stobcross Motor Co., Ltd., 69, Minerva Street, Glasgow.

THE company displays two well-built oil-engined models produced by a concern that has long been famous as a maker of steam vehicles— namely, Fodens, Ltd. The Foden 6-7-ton chassis with Gardner 6LW-type oil engine is shown without, bodywork, so that the complete layout can be examined in detail. This chassis will 'accommodate a body about 16 ft. long and 6 ft. 9 ins, wide, and is shod with 40-in. by 8-in. tyres.

The Gardner engine needs no introduction to our readers. It is widely employed in the roadtransport industry and, in 8everal different makes of chassis, has been the subject of road-test reports in The Commercial Motor. The Foden 6-7tanner with this engine is one of those that have been tested by our staff, in accordance with the standard system adopted, with full load.

The Foden 10-12-ton rigid six-wheeler incorporating the same model of engine is shown with a 22-ft. standard lorry body. Mounted on 40-in. by 8-in. tyres, the complete vehicle sells at £2,050.

The Gardner five-cylindered LW-type oil engine fitted into an Albion 6-ton long-wheelbase chassis with forward control is the third vehicle exhibited on the Stobcross stand.

Gardner four, five and six-cylindered oil engines are separately displayed ; the output of these at 1,700 r.p.m. is, respectively, 68 b.h.p., 85. b.h.p. and 102 b.h.p.


MeLay's Garage, Ltd., Kirkintilloeh.

TWO further examples of Morris Commercial lorries, both having forward control, are exhibited on. this company's stand. These are the 2-tanner and the 3-tonner. The former has a four-cy/indered engine developing 45 b.h.p., also a four-speed gearbox, and the additional space which is obtained by mounting the driver beside the engine is remarkably well indicated by this vehicle. The same may be said of the larger model displayed.


Dodge Brothers (Britain), Ltd., Mortlake Road, Kew Gardens, Surrey.

THE Dodge Brothers 2-tonner is seen. in three forms, and two examples of the 30-cwt. machine complete the. display. In the first place, there is the 2-ton chassis without bodywork, this having a wheelbase of 13 ft. 1 in. Of the two vehicles of the same capacity, one is equipped as a drop-side lorry and the other as a lorry with hand-operated tipping gear. The 30-cwt. vehicle is seen as a drop-side lorry and as a delivery van with box-type body.

All the bodies shown are standard units, built by the Dodge Brothers' concern at Kew, Surrey. It may be noted that the 30-cwt. van comes within the 120 annual tax class, as also does the dorry of the same capacity.


F. D. Cowieson and Co., SO, Charles Street, Glasgow.

THIS is a famous concern of Scottish coachbuilders. In addition to having several examples of its products on the stands of chassis makers, there will be on Stand No. 95 three excellently finished passenger vehicles. The largest of these is a 50-seater double-saloon bus incorporating the Daimler OHO chassis. The entrance and staircase are at the rear, the latter being so arranged as le allow passengers actually to pas S on the stairway. Semi-bucket seats are fitted in the lower saloon and the Bennet-type seat is adopted for the upper saloon. Emergency exits are fitted on the off side of the lower saloon at the front as well as at the rear of the upper compartment. Except where safety glass is required by regulations, this vehicle has plate-glass windows. The upholstery is carried out in red hide and is both comfortable and attractive in appearance.

'On an A.E.C. chassis equipped with fluid clutch is a 82-seater service-bus body having the entrance at the front on the near side. In. this ease the roof is entirely covered on the underside with• specially designed panels. The seats on this vehicle have rather high backs with top rolls, and are equipped with doublespring cushions. Seven Rawlings halfdrop windows are fitted. The point about this body is that with the addition of a luggage container on the roof it would be quite suitable for longdistance work. Certain operators might find it an economy to possess such a vehicle licensed for operation as a contract, an express and a stage carriage.

A 20-seater dual-purpose body is mounted on an Albion Victor chassis and has a Sunsaloon head. Comfortable semi-bucket scats are provided in this vehicle and are trimmed in moquette bound with hide, the interior finish of the body being carried out in dark mahogany. This body, like that of the 32-seater above, is suitable for ordinary bus service as well as for coaching.


W. Gillespie and Sons, Ltd., 53, Love Street, Paisley.

TWO machines typical of the

famous Albion range of Scottish-built commercial motors are seen on Stand No. 96. The first is a 30-cwt. chassis equipped as a bread van. in which form it is a popular seller in Scotland. The body is by Messrs. Robert Lawrie of Paisley, and although the wheelbase is 10 ft. 9 ins., the vehicle has a capacity for 88 dozen logyes of bread ; 33-in by 5-in. tyres are fitted, with twin 'tyres on the rear wheels.

An .Albion Valiant 32-seater coach, with six-cylindered engine and 17-ft. 4-in, wheelbase, is the other exhibit of this make, the body in this case being of all-weather type and made by Messrs. Pickering, of Motherwell. This is• a well-finished job.

Two Morris-Commercial vehicles are seen on this stand, namely, the light van with a load space amounting to 70 cubic ft. and a wheelbase of 8 ft. 9 ins_, and a 5-cwt. van with a 38cubic-ft. body and a wheelbase of 6 ft. C. ins. Additionally there are two examples of the Morris-Commercial range, namely, a 1-ton lorry with a fourcylindered 32 b.h.p. engine, and a 2ton tipper. The 1-tanner has a wheelbase of 10 ft. 2 ins, and accommodates a lorry platform 7 ft. 6 ins. long. The price is £198, and the vehicle comes in the £20 tax category. The 2-toriner has a 45 b.h.p. four-cylindered engine and an 11-ft. 2-in. wheelbase. The platform of the tipping body, in this case, is 8 ft. 6 ins. long. STAND 97.

G. M. Gladstone (Motors), Ltd., 202, Hope Street, Glasgow.

LEYLAND and Dennis passenger vehicles have been selected for exhibition by this Glasgow company. The Leyland vehicle incorporates the Tiger T84-type chassis, the bodywork being by Duple Bodies and Motors, Ltd., Hendon, London, N.W.9. The vehicle is equipped as a saloon coach of luxurious finish and is painted in the colours of W. C. Standervvick, Ltd., the well-known Blackpool coach operator.

The Dennis vehicle has the Lancet chassis that has recently become so popular for single-decker work, and the body has seating accommodation for 36 persons. It is a saloon coach with sliding panel roof. In this case, also, the coachwork is by the Duple concern.


John Mitchell and Sons, Grey Place, Greenock.

THE company is showing two Albion vehicles, the first a 40-45-cwt. van which is a repeat Albion order for Iohn Walker and Sous, Ltd., the famous Kilmarnock distillery concern, and the second of the well-known 3-ton type. The smaller vehicle embodies a straightforward four-cylindered engine built in unit with a four-speed gearbox, and the transmission is by open propeller shaft to a strong overhead-worm fully floating axle. This machine has vacuum_ braking. The body, by Messrs. Mitchell, incorporates aluminium panelling and has graceful lines.

The 3-tonner is of similar general construction and the driver's cab has a sloping screen and side panels characteristic of modern passenger-vehicle design. Concave sides are fitted to the platform body, which has a double-deck suitable for transporting milk.


Gifford Motors, Ltd., High Wycombe, Bucks,

A NEW feature on this company's stand, and a surprise for the few people in the industry who did not happen to see last week's issue of The Commercial Motor is the Zeus six-cylinder double-decker with rear-wheel drive. It will be remembered that the company showed at Olympia in 1931 an unorthodox form of double-decker with frontwheel drive, but the new model follows standard practice in most respects, having a unit-constructed engine and gearbox, and an offset transmission line with worm drive and fully floating axle

shafts. The engine develops 118 b.h.p. at 2,750 r.p.m. and has a seven-bearing crankshaft. Strong 17-in, brake drums are fitted to this vehicle and the rear brakes have single shoes 6 ins. wide ; the brakes operate on the three-servo system.

The standard tyre equipment is 38-in by 8-in, high-pressure tyres with twins on the rear wheels, but, if desired, lowpressure equipment all round can be specified. The wheelbase is 16 ft. 3 ins., and with an overall length of 26 ft. a body-space of 21 ft. I in. is available. The frame height is 1 ft. 10 ins, and the height of the rear platform 121 ins. The price of the chassis is £1,045.

Visitors to the Show will be More familiar with the 168-0T 32-seater bus shown with coachwork by Wy mbe Motor Bodies, Ltd., High Wyco be. The engine of this machine deydlops

94 b.h.p. at 2,600 r.p.m., and the wheelbase is 16 ft. 8 ins., whilst the measure meat from dash to end of frame is 20 ft. 10 ins. The chassis has underslung rear springs and worm drive.

A more recent type is the 084 2-3ton four-cylinder chassis which is exhibited as a short-wheelbase unit with forward control. In this case the engine has an output of 63 b.h.p. and incorporates detachable wet cylinder

liners. The chassis is suitable for fairly high-speed work and has several .good features, including the fitting of self-aligning bearings to the brake crossshafts in order to reduce wasted effort, giving powerful braking with lightness of control. The rear axle is of the semi-floating type with overhead worm drive.

STAND 100.

Wm. Beardmore and Co., Ltd., Parkhead Works, Glasgow. THE company has devoted a great deal of experimental work in the vast year or two to the perfection of high-speed oil engines for road-transport purposes and makes use of a special fuel pump of its own design. A working model of this pump is available for inspection beside four engines, two of which are

six-cylinderecl units and the other two four-cylindered units.

One of the larger engines is shown installed in a Leyland Tiger chassis which has been loaned by W. Alexander and Sons, Ltd., and the other also is adapted for application to this make of chassis ; the output is 100 b.p.h. The four-cylindered engine with an output of 65 b.h.p. is shown ready for application to the Leyland chassis and in the form produced for fitting into the Albion chassis.

The Leyland vehicle displayed has completed 25,000 miles of service since the Beardmore engine was installed and is understood to have given satisfaction. The Beardmore Company informs us that, covering an average of about 303 miles per day, the fuel consumption is 13.50 miles per gallon and the lubricant consumption is 1,500 miles per gallon.

The Beardmore fuelsiojection pump is of the cam-operated type, the plungers having a constant stroke. Variation in the quantity of fuel injected is obtained by partial rotation of the plungers, each of which has an axial hole, also two transverse holes which are diametrically opposite. These communicate with the controlling edges of a helical slot formed by the two portions, upper and lower, of the fixed liner, the upper edge controlling the start and the lower edge the finish of injection,

STAND 105.

Laycock Engineering Co., Millhouses, Sheffield.

THE Lodemor industrial petrol truck

which; in its latest form was described recently in The form, Motor, is exhibited on this company's stand, the model chosen for display having an elevating platform which greatly facilitates loading and unloading. This useful little works truck has a petrol engine of 500 c.c. capacity, this being of the single-cylindered air-cooled type with side valves. Two speeds forward and a reverse gear with separate clutches are provided, the drive being conveyed by a short open shaft with patent universal joints to the fully floating rear axle, which has a bevel drive and

differential gear. At the front is a single wheel, steered by means of a tiller, and the driver sits beside the engine. The Lodemor truck is available with a maximum capacity of either 25 cwt. or 35 cwt. STAND 108.

Hamilton Bros., Marshall's Lane, Paisley.

THE company has selected two popu lar Comnaer models for exhibition ; one is a 30-cwt. drop-side lorry embodying the Raider chassis and having a six-cylindered 53 b.h.p. engine, fourspeed gearbox, self-energizing brake shoes and 32-in, by 6.00-in. tyres, the complete vehicle ,being offered for 1267, phis 112 for painting. The other Commer is a Centaur 20-seater coach with bodywork by the Waveney Co., Ltd., Lowestoft. This has a similar chassis in general layout, and embodies, a fully floating back axle as in the smaller model. With this type of body fitted prices range from 1280 upwards.

An Austin Twelve-Six 10-cwt. delivery van at 1195 appears on the same stand as well as an Austin 7 h.p. 5-cwt. van listed at 1110.

The firm also are showing examples of the Rhina trailers, these being light single-axle outfits selling at prices from 118 10s. Dunlop steel artillery wheels with 27-in. by 4.40-in. tyres' are fitted, and strength is given to the frame by employing a channel-section 3-in. by 11-in. drawbar extending the full length of the trailer and being bolted to all four cross-members.

STAND 109.

Scammell Lorries, Ltd., Watford.

THIS famous manufacturer of com

mercial vehicles, including the very heaviest types made, enters a new field now with a 3-ton outfit intended to replace horse-drawn vehicles. The outfit comprises a three-wheeled 10 h.p. tractor drawing a two-wheeled carrier unit, the weight of which is partially superimposed on to the tractor. With equal success the tractor may be employed in conjunction with the ordinary type of horse-drawn dray.

It is reckoned that with a pay load of three tons a speed of 20 m.p.h. is possible, this being well above the legal speed limit for such machines, and economy of operation together with ease of manceuvring in yards, docks, etc.,

will interest local-delivery operators in the new outfit.

Production is likely to commence early in the New Year, and the company intends also to manufacture a larger model for 5-ton pay loads. This can either have the engine referred to above or, for extra power, a 2-litre engine. Apart from its use with a carrier unit, the forward portion of the vehicle is to be marketed as a light three-wheeled load carrier, with a capacity of about two tons. It will, of course, have exceptional manceuvrability and will be valuable for certain classes of local work.

It should be explained that the outfit seen at the Glasgow Show is an experimental model, and that whilst the production model will be similar to it in layout, the specification will be rather different, including a 10 h.p. four-cylinderecl side-valve engine, fourspeed gearbox (with reverse gear) and single-plate clutch. There will be a 2-in, tubular propeller shaft with mechanical universal joints and a doublereduction rear axle with differential gear and three-quarter-floating shafts. The axle is so designed that the final drive ratio can, with a minimum of trouble, be altered. An interesting point concerns the wheels, each consisting of two 12-in.-section steel pressings bolted together to form the rim so that tyre replacement should be extremely simple The two other Scammell exhibits are of a different kind altogether, one being the company's heavy-duty type F9l3 four-wheeler for maximum legal loads and the other a trailing-axle rigid sixwheeler, type RC13B, with Gardner 6LW six-eylindered oil engine and a type of Scammell five-speed gearbox. There are only two sets of gears and shafts in this box, and the shafts are supported in the middle. With its 13.50-in. by 20-in, low-pressure tyres, the vehicle has a most impressive appearance. The final drive from a differential countershaft is conveyed by silent Duplex chain to the wheels of the centre axle. This outfit has a body space no less than 21 ft. long.

The four-wheeler is capable of drawing a 5-7-ton trailer, and has the wellknown Scammell four-cylindered overhead-valve petrol engine, which in its latest form develops 88 b.h.p. The wheelbase of this four-wheeler is 17 ft., the body space being equally long, whilst the frame height is 3 ft. 1 in.

STAND #10.

Joseph Wilkinson, 2, Hope Crescent, Edinburgh.

THREE Leyland models are being dis played by this Edinburgh concern, these comprising a Bull 6-7-ton chassis with Leyland 8-litre six-cylindered oil engine (price 11,275), a Beaver 6-ton six-cylinder vehicle with brewer's platform body, listed at 1990, and one of the popular Cub 2i-tonners in longwheelbase form, this also having a platform lorry body. The price of the Cub complete is 1495.

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