THE HIGHLAND SHOW AT ABERDEEN.
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An Excellent Exhibition of
Agrimotors and Implements.
ALTHOUGH, compared with the show of the Royal Agricultural Society held about a month ago at Darlington, the exhibition of all classes of agricultural motor tractors at the High. land and Agricultural Society's Show at Aberdeen was on a much smaller scale, nevertheless, in consequence of the great strides that have been made in the development of agricultural machinery since a show of such magnitude was last held in Aberdeen, the exhibition of motor tractors of all descriptions specially adapted tc agricultural purposes exceeded by far that of any show of its kind ,ever held in the north of Scotland.
The stands for machinery in motion were, in fact, the leading feature of the Show, there ',being exhibited labour-saving devices suitable for both the large and small farmer.
A noticeable comparison with the Royal Show was the fewness of the implements shown at Aberdeen made specially to be operated by tractors. Of course, as 'is-usual at such shows, the number of small stationary motors for driving threshing mills -and other farm maehinery was very large
One of the latest 4 types of motor tractors on the market was the Twin City, shown by Messrs. Fairbanks, Morse and Co„ Ltd., London. The Twin City made its first public appearance at the Royal Show at Darlington this year, and has already been highly commented upon by many leading agriculturists. The model shown at Aberdeen was of the 12-20 h.p. type, and attached to it was an Oliver three-furrow plough, being so constructed that one man could work the whole outfit. The tractor weighs two tons, and the drawbar pull is claimed to be 3,000 lb. The Twin City has a four-cylinder engine, completely enclosed The front end of the ;tractor is mounted on a road spring suspension and the adjustable drawbar is of the spring tension type. . Another tractor which made its first appearance in the North Was the Fiat, which was' shown by the South Lincolnshire Agricultural Engineering Co., of -Spalding-. It has a, four-cylinder engine, of 20 h.p., .developing up to 40 h.p., the total weight of the machine being 50 cwt. Like the majority of other tractors, it runs entirely oii paraffin, once started. It is claimed to be quite capable of pulling a threefurrow plough on any kind of soil, the driving pulley at the rear being well placed for driving threshing , mills, corn bruisers, hay cutters, etc.
-. The Glasgow tractor needs no introduction to 'readers of The Commercial Motor, its many -interesting features being already well known to the agricultural fraternity. The British Motor Trading Corporation, Ltd., had two on exhibition, along with
two disc hariows and, a grubber. This tractor's great feature, of course, is that it excels in the . matter of wheel-grip in consequence of its positive drive on all three wheels. The mere fact that the makers have orders on hand for about 1,000 machines is am,ple'prtrof of the popularity of the Glasgow as g tractor Several of the latest models of the Austin tractor wereexhibited by 'the Austin Motor Co. Ltd., of Birmingham, as well as by their local agents, Messrs. Barclay, Rosa and Hutchison. Aberdeen. The name Austin is already a household word among farmers in the north of Scotland. All the wheels of the tractor can be shod with suitable rubber tyres, which are easily attached for road work. A large driving pulley is supplied by which. any belt machinery can be effectively driven, while provision is also made for fitting a canopy if required. The Austin operated a three-furrow plough on heavy loam at the rate of over two-thirds of an acre per hour.
Two other tractors which have already made their name in the North are the Titan and the International Junior. The Scottish Motor Traction Co., Ltd., Edinburgh, exhibited two Titans with a three-furrow plough and a tractor trailer, and one International Junior with a two-furrow plough attached. The Titan engines have horizontal twin cylinders and are built specially to work on paraffin oil. The pistons are of'unusual length and the gudgeon pin is placed in the centre so that there is no tendency for the piston to become tapered. Four piston rings are provided with tight lap points, with the result that there is no loss of compression and the full force of the explosion is made use of.
With regard to the International Junior, its great feature is its accessibility. When the bonnet is raised the carburetter governor, magneto and other important engine details are all very easily got at.. It is equipped with a four-cylinder water-cooled engine. The belt pulley of the International .Junior is so located that little difficulty is experienced in putting the belt on.
The Overtime Farm Tractor Co. exhibitod one of their latest models, along with a four-furrow plough and disc harrow. The Overtime is a two-speed tractor and is of 28-30 lap. This is also claimed to be one of the most easily accessible tractors on the market. The gear shifting lover is in a particularly accessible position and the brake operates directly on the differential casing. Both gearbox and differential casing are dust-proof and oilretaining. The clutch is adjusted by turning one nut, which is placed in a . very accessible position. It is claimed for4the Overtime that it is the only
tractor which is designed perfectly to run entirely on paraffin.
This firm also exbibited a McKenzie portable turnip cleaner and cutter, driven by a small 2i h.p. Amanco engine. This is certainly a compact and useful-looking machine, the engine of which is entirely enclosed in a wooden frame. The blades of the cutting machine are so ad.apted.as to cut turnips into slices for cattle or into small strips for sheep. The latest model of the Emerson tractor was Shown by Melchior, Armstrong and Dessau, Ltd., London.. Its principal feature is the employment of three separate systems of lubrication in the engine— pressure feed, drip feed, and splash feed. It is designed to run entirely on paraffin, the compression beingilow.• The gearbox shafts run on roller bearings throughout and. the main gears are' all enclosed and run in grease. The Ederson_ is also fitted with a brake which is operated offtthe cluigh pedal. The Saunderson Universal tractor is one which has come greatly to the front within the past few years, both in respect °Pits work in the cultivation of land. and 'for road haulage. The Saunderson Tractor and Implement Co., Ltd., had on view a few of this make of machine along with a self-lift three-furrow plougti, a self-lift cultivator and a tank wagon Rai carrying oil fuel and water along with the tractor. Messrs. SaundersonThad also: on exhibition a new type of plough convertible to turn two, three, or four furrows, with self-lifting mechanism. The drawbar can be adjusted from the tractor driver's seat.
Messrs. R. Tough and Sons, Aberdeen, exhibited a Garner, tractor of 25-30 h.p. The Garner is a four-cylinder machine and is only 28 cwt. in weight. It is fitted with a three-speed gear and reverse and has a, pulley. drive. The raker wheel pads for use when the machine is engaged on road haulage attracted a great deal of attention.
A ipair of the newly introduced patent oil motor windlasses suitable for ploughing on the cable system were exhibited by Messrs. J. and H. iNfoLaren, Ltd., Leeds, along with a four-furrow anti-balance plough. An outstanding new invention in connection with tractor implements was a self-lift attachment to Newlands', tractor cultivator, shown by Messrs. Alex Nesilands and Sons, Ltd., Linlithgow. This is an improvement designed to permit the cultivator to be operated from the tractor seat. The motive power is transmitted from one side wheel and then through a chain drive to the operating crank. The action, when the driver pulls the cord, is absolutely automatic, either in putting the tines, in or out. It can be attached to any cultivator, the gearing having., been designed with this end in view. Messrs. MoBain Bros., Ltd., Castle Engineering Works, Tweedinouth, exhibited a new self-lift rigid tine cultivator, with a. double set of tines, specially built for tractor work and fitted with a simple and positive action for raising and lowering. When at work, the pull of the tractor has a direct action on the tines, which tends to keep them down to their work. AGEMOT.