AMONG THE LORRY EXHIBITS.
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A Complete Report, Arranged in Alphabetical Order, of all Heavy Vehicles to be Seen
Tw° vehicles comprise the exhibit of
the Associated Equipment Co., Ltd., and these are staged on Stand No. 35, which is occupied by the Peric Motor
Ltd., of Edinburgh. Co.,ne of the machines is a 30-seater charbehancs, whilst the other is the standard 45 h.p. chassis fitted with a steel tipping body. ,
It would be superfluous to enter into a description of the technical details of the A.E.C. chassis, BA these are particulaely well known to most of our readers.
The tipping gear on the 45 h.p. chassis is a Bromilow and Edwards hydraulic equipment. It is said to be capable of clearing a full load of four tons in 20 • seconds. The full angle of tip is 40 degrees, but if it shouid be desired to discharge a portion of the load only, the tipping handle can be regulated at will, the gear. being controlled either from the Bide of the chassis or from the driver's. seat. The vehicle shown lia.s a hydraulic gear, driven from the gearbox, but another system is available which embodies a friction drive off the engine flywheel. An interesting detail exhibit an this stand is a capstan intended far drawing on to the body, up a vamp, individual items of a load, and this is particularly applicable, for example, to brewers' lorries. The capstan will haul a one-ton load with ease on to the standard type lorry body.
ONE of the most comprehensive exhibits in the Show is that of the Albion Motor Car Co., Ltd., who have no fewer than four vehicles on view on Stand No. 5. These comprise a standard 32 h.p. four-ton chassis, fitted with a c34, platform body; a 32 h.p. char-h.-banes 'chassis, fitted with a 29-seater torpedo body; a 20 h.p. 30-cwt. chassis, fitted with a box-van body; and Is 32 h.p. hydraulic tipping wagon. It would be superfluous to refresh the minds of our readers with the constructional details of Albion vehicles, but we will take this opportunity of briefly describing the operation of the hydraulic tipping gear. In the Albion gear a light mineral oil is forced by a pinnei beneath the driver's seat to tile tipping cylinder which is carried on trunnion brackets secured to
cross members. This pump is of the Hele-Shaw type and is driven from the propeller shaft of the chassis by a sub stantial roller chain. The pump is brought into operation by the movetnent of a lever on the left-hand side of the driver. Once the limit of the body's travel has been reached, a spring-leaded safety valve comes into action and the body remains in the tipping position until the control lever is pulled in the reverse direction, when the oil is pumped back into the storage tank and the body returns to the horizontal position, It is said that the load can be tipped in about minute and the body returned to its normal position in 45 seconds The driver's cab on this vehicle is fitted with high-sided doors.
The vehicle is painted dark green, with black and red effects, and it has been purchased by the Highland Distilleries Co., Ltd., of Rothes. All the vehicles shown on the Albion Company's stand are ready to go direct into service. The Albion tip wager' has, as a type, received much favour, amongst British users, particularly amongst municipalities.
A TWO.TON 25-30 h.p. Alidays lorry is shown by Reen.leigh, Ltd., of Edinburgh on Stand No. 9. This vehicle has a four-eyliiidered governed, engine 100 ram. bore by 130 mm. stroke. The cylinders are cast in pairs and bolted on to an aluminium crankcase. Forced lubrication is provided to the crankshaft and connecting rod bearings. The cooling water circulation is thernmesyphonie. The radiator is a cast aluminium header and bottom tank type. • The cone type of dutch is lined with Ferocio, and has auxiliary springs under the-leather. The gearbox is a, one-piece tasting with large inspection cover, and provides three epeede forward and reverse. The transmission from gearbox to rear wheels is through a self-contained beveldriven countershaft, and thence by roller chains running in oil-retaining metal cases.
THE Glasgow agents for the Austin chassis, David Carlow and San, Ltd., are showing one of this company's new 30-cwt. lorries on Stand No, 4. This in the first opportunity afforded the public to examine this ehassis, which is intended for speedy delivery work. The new vehicle has an engine of 22.4 h.p. R.A.C. rating. and is a monobloe casting of four cylinders, with a bore of 3,1 ins and a stroke of 5 ins. The valves are all on one side, and the inlet pipe is formed in conjunction with the exhairet manifold. Petrol is gravity-fed from a 15-gallon tank on the dashboard. Ignition is by high-tension magneto, and cooling is effect-d by a centrifugal pump and gilled tribe radiator. The engine has forced lubrication supplied to all bearings through channels in the crankshaft. A single plate clutch is incorporated and a gearbox giving four forward speed, the control lever being mounted centrally
on the top of the box.
Final drive is by overhead worm gear to a floating live axle, the road wheels being carried on stationary tubes.
The footbralie operates internal shoes of large diameter no the rear wheels. The wheels are detachable, and are fitted with cushion tyres as standard.
We hoped this week to have been able to have dealt separately with this new Austin production. but owing to pressure on our space we have been compelled to omit a more comnlete description. We shall, however, take an early opportunity of placing before our readers a well-illustrated description of this new li-ton model. Several components of the lorry are also on view, including pistons and connecting rods, five-journal crankshaft, a one-piece camshaft, and the robust worm gear made by David Brown and Sons.
THE Beardmore taxicab chassis is being shown on the company's stand, No. 11. As there are several interesting points in the design of this chassis, we have thought it aelvisable to deal with it more fully, and we therefore refer our readers for a description' of it to pageS 584 and 585 in this issue.
AFOUR-TON specimen of this French-built vehicle is shown on Stand No. L3 by the Glasgow and Paris Motor Garage and Repairing Co., Ltd. The engine is a four-cylindered one, with a bore of 110 mm, and a stroke of 140 nun. The cylinders are cast in pairs, and the valves are all on one side enclosed by easily-removable covers. The valve tappets are adjustable. The dutch is built; up of multiple pressed and steel discs alternating, running in oil. The gearbox provides four forward and one reverse speed. The final drive ta the rear wheels is by roller chains. Two independent double brakes of large dimensions are provided, the foot brake 'socking on a pulley of large ,diameter held on the differential, a hand 'brake of the internal-expanding type acting on the rear wheels.
• The road wheels are cast steel fitted -with single solid rubber tyres cm the front wheels and twin solids on the rear, the front ones being 960 mm. by 140 mm. and the rear ones 1,030 mm. by 160 min. The wheelbase of the vehicle is 14 ft.
vISITORS should not miss the two Belsize vehicles shown on Steed No. 17 by the Western Motor Co., Ltd., Glasgow. One vehicle is a.15 h.p. fourcylinelerecl 12 cwt. chaseis fitted with a van body, the other is a similar chassis but fitted up as a taxicab.
The engine is of the monobloc type 19 snm. bore by 110 mm. stroke. Cooling water circulation is by pump and the oil 'circulation is under pressure. The gear-box gives four speeds and a reverse. The alutch is of the ordinary cone type, and the final drive is by bevel gears. Ernversa] joints are of the leather disc type.
A good point is that the change speed mechanism is mounted directly on the gearbox, the gate and lever being carried at the end of an aluminium estension. The wheelbase is 8 ft. 3 ins., and the loading .space 5 ft. 4 ins. The weight of the chassis only complete with tyres is approximately 13 cwt.
A Belsize van is also shown on Stand No 26 by Bryson Bros.
T WO chassis of this make are being
shown by John M. Wilson, Ltd., of Glasgow, on Stand No. 23. One is a 30-ewt. and the other a 24-tonness They are practically identical in design, and only differ in the dimensions. The engine is a four-cylinder, with the cylinders cast in pairs. The radiator is of the cast-header and bottom tank type, and the cooling water circulation is thermoesyphanic. The clutch is of the dry-disc type with a single plate. A gearbox of the selective sliding-gear type provides three speeds. forward and reverse. This gearbox forms a unit with the engine.
The rear axle is of the double type, and the final drive is by internal gears In the rear wheels.
ALEDON MOTORS, LTD., Stand No. 22, show two 4-ton models. One is a 40 h.p. D type, chain-driven chassis, fitted with steel tipping lorry body, with engine-operated, hydraulic tipping gear. It is fitted with the new Osledon single-sleeve valve engine, constsucted under Burt-McCollum patents, which was previously known as the Argyll. This engine has a bore of 110 mm. and a stroke of 140 nun., and develops 44 b.h.p. at a normal speed of 1,300 r.p.m. It is four-cylindered, with the cylinders cast in pairs; exhaust ports are on the near sIde and inlet ports on the other.
The crankshaft has three bearings, all of the die-cast, white metal type. In the Caledon engine a simplified method of operating the sleeves has been intro duced. It consists of a simple crankshaft and a short connecting rod to each sleeve.
Lubrication is entirely automatic, and on the forced-feed system. The clutch is a Ferodo-lined cone, and the drive is taken through Hardy universal joints to the four-speed and reverse gearbox, which is of a special type known as the Dux, in which the gears are always in mesh. The other vehicle is a worm-driven type, fitted with 30-seated torpedo chara-bancs body.
T Carlaw 20-cwt. vehicles are
". staged on Stand No. 3 by Robert Anderson. One is fitted with a baker's van body, and the other with a lorry body, canopy, and windscreen, which give the driver ample protection in inclement weather.
Wetland rims and 895 mm. by 150 nun. pneumatic tyres are fitted.
MACKAY AND JARDDIE, LTD.' of "A Wishaw, the manufacturers of the Clyde commercial vehicles, are exhibiting one of their 25-cwt, models on Stand No. 32. This is fitted with a 20 h.p. fourcylindered engine, with a bore and stroke of 3i ins. by 5L ins. respectively. Other details include a Zenith carburetter and a Watford magneto.
Unit construction is followed for the clutch and gearbox, the former being of the multiple dry-plate type, and the latter providing three speeds forward and a reverse. The gear-change lever is situated in the centre of the gearbox. The overhead worm-driven axle is fitted with ball bearings throughout, and the worm wheel and differential are removable in one casing and can be readily removed from the axle as a complete unit.
Both hand and foot brakes act on drums on the rear wheels.
One of the company's 20 h.p. 16-seater char-a-banes is also shown. This is fitted with a pressed-steel body. It is a very smart-looking little vehicle.
(IN Stand No. 20 is to be found a full
range of Commer vehicles manufactured by Commer Cars, Ltd. Luton, and shown by General Motors (Glasgow), Ltd. Particular attention should be paid to the 2 G. and 3P. models, which are built specially for char-a-banes work and are capable of high epeeds. The R.C. and C.C. chassis are designed to carry 3i tons and 5 tans respectively, the R.C. model being the type supplied in quantities to the Army during the war.
The 3P. passenger chassis has an engine of 115 nun. by 140 mm., with the four cylinders cast in pairs. It is provided with a new type of four-speed and reverse gearbox in which gear change is effected by dog clutches.
The carder' shaft is enclosed in a steel tube bolted to the worm easing and sup• ported at its forward end in a spherical enlargement, thus acting ae a combined radius and torque stay. The final drive is by worm gears. An R.C. type is also shown on Stand No 14, which is occupied by the company's agents, the Scottish Motor Traction Co., Ltd.
A25-30 h.p. War Office Crossley
chassis, capable of carrying loads up to 25 cwt., is to be found on Stand No. 12. This chassis is fitted with a four-cylindorod engine with the cylinders cast in pairs. ,Lubrication is pressure fed to the bearings, a gauge on the dashboard indicating the pressure. The clutch is an aluminium cone faced with Fercdo. Four speeds and reverse are provided by the gearbox. The final drive is through bevel gears.
THE 15-cwt. Dodge chassis forms one of the exhibits on Stand No. 9, which is occupied by Rossleigh, Ltd. The chassis closely resembles that of the touring car manufactured by the same company, the following features revealing this likeness : unit construction for the power unit, the engine being a fourcylinder with cylinders cast en bloc with 98 mm.. by 114 mm. bore and stroke
respectively. It is water-cooled with pump circulation.
The aluminium leather-faced cone clutch transmits the power to a threespeed gearbox. The rear axle is of the full-floating type -with bevel drive and runs on Timken hearings.
The equipment of this vehicle includes a dynamo lightingand starting outfit. 0;35
A TWO-TON example of this well" known chassis is shown on Stand No. 10. It is fitted with an all-steel, end-tipping body, operated by hydraulic tipping gear: The chassis is of the C.J. type (11 ft. 6 in. wheelbase), and has for its power unit a fear-cyFindered sleevevalve engine, which develops 30 h.p. at LOCO r.p.m. The bore and stroke are respectively 95 min. by 140 mm.
A standard fabric4ined cone clutch is embodied in the design, and the gearbox provides four speeds forward and a reverse gear. The rear axle drive is through a worm gear, according to usual Daimler practice.
Both brakes, which are of the internal expanding type, operate on drums carried on the rear wheels.
The wheels are steel castings, with a rim diameter of 771 mm, to take 900 man. by 1,000 mm. tyres.
The tipping gear is entirely self-contained, and is carried by a steel subframe, which bolts to the top of the chassis. A small casing bolted to the top of the gearbox carries the gear for the drive. The connection between this driving gear and the hydraulic pump is by means of a short length of shafting fitted with a flexible disc coupling. The arrangement Permits of the pump being continuously run or disengaged according to desire.
T HREE Delahaye vehicles are shown.L by the Glasgow and Paris Motor Garage and • Repairing Co., Ltd., on Stand No. 13. The smallest vehicle is a 14-18 h.p. 15-cwt. delivery van, of very smart appearance, fitted with selfstarter, lighting set, and Atitovac petr. feed.
The eneine is a. four-cylindered monobloc with intercharigeaGle valves operated by a single camshaft. The lubrication is combined pressure feed and splash.
The cooling water circulation is by pump, the radiator being assisted by a fan. Four speeds and a reVerse are provided by the gearbox, and the transmission is by cardan shaft to the final drive gears.
The second model is a 2-tonner with a 16-20 h.p. monobloc engine. The gearbox gives four speeds forward. and a reverse, and the final transmission is by chains: • •
The last model is a 3-4-tonner, with a C36
25-30 h.p. monobloe engine, brakes on the wheels and on transmission, four speeds and a reverse, and final drive by chains.
A FINE 30-seater torpedo char-bsbanca " on a 40 h.p. Dennis chassis is shown by Rossleigh, Ltd., of Edinburgh, on Stand No. 9. It has a four-cylindered engine, with the cylinders cast in pairs, the bore and stroke of the cylinders being 115 mm. and 150 min. respectively. The inlet and exhau.t ports are on opposite sides. Water circulation is by centrifugal pump, and the radiator is of the built-up cast aluminium type mounted on rubber-lined -trunnions.
The clutch is a Ferodo-faced cone with external springs. The universal joint between -the clutch and the gearbox is of the fibre disc type. Four forward speeds and a reverse are given by the gearbox, direct drive being on the fourth speed.
The thrust cross-member is a special feature. It is mounted on rubber enclosed trunnions, and takes all the thrust and torque loads, which are applied
through a large spherical head, The torque tube, which completely encloses
the propeller shaft, acts as a radius rod.
• The rear axle is a cast steel casing, the final drive worm gearing being supported by the top cover.
ROSSLEIGH, Ltd., of Edinburgh, show a standard 30-ewt. 30 h.p. Federal chaesis on Stand No. D. This machine is fitted with a four-cylindered engine of 105 mm. bore by. 135 mm. stroke., It is carried on three points, the forward end pivoting in the centre of the front cross-member. The gearbox is slung ainicLhips, arid gives four speeds forward and a reveres. The gear and brake levers are disposed centrally, the former operating in an imaginary gate.
The front axle is of I-beam construction, manufactured by the Timken. Detroit Co.
Thi rear axle is a Timken-Detroit with worm drive, the casing being formed of two heavy steel pressings welded horizontally. Worm gear and differential are held by a detachable cover bolted to the main housing. The frame is of pressed channel-sectioned steel.
Wheels of the artillery type are employed. They are equipped with 36 in. by 4 in. Firestone tyres. Fiat.
1_1ENDRY AND CO., of Glasgow, " snow, on -Stand No. 24, three fine Fiat vehicles, comprising a 1-ton delivery van, a li-ton lorry, and a 3-ton lorry. All the engines are four-cylindereel, with the cylinders cast en bloc.
The 1-tonner has an engine of 80 mm. bore and 140 mm. stroke, developing over 30 b.h.p. The oil is pressure fed through a hollow crankshaft to the main bearings and, by pressing a button on the dash1 oil can also be delivered to the steering box and to the front axle pivot pins.
A clutch of the multiple-disc type conveys the drive to a four-speed-and-reverse gearbox of the selective sliding type. The cardan shaft is enclosed by. an extension of the rear axle casing, which consists of two T-sha.ped—steel. pressings. Final drive is by bevel gears..
The construction of the 4-tomer is somewhat similar, but, of course, stronger.
The 4-banner has a cast-steel gearbox, which encloses the differential as well as the change speed gear. It is securely attached to the frame by three cross members. The final drive is by means
of roller chains, the .sprocket wheels and chains being totally enclosed by chain cases, which incorporate radius rods. A differential lock is provided.
Another interesting exhibit is the Fiat tractor, which performed so well at the Lincoln Tractor Trials.
THE Western Motor Co., Ltd., Glas gow, show a 30-cwt. Garford sis on their Stand No. 17. This machine has a four-cylindered L-heacled engine,• -with a 3g in. bore by 5h in. stroke; the rating is 22.5 h.p. The cooling water' circulation is by a centrifugal puinP. Pressure-fed oil is employed for lubricating the engine. A magneto of the high-tension type is employed for the ignition and the carburetter is of a simple automatic type with • float feed, requiring little attention, The gearbox provides three forward speeds and a reverse, and the final drive is by worm gearing.
36 in. by 6 in. pneumatic cord tyres are fitted throughout, and for convenience in replacing these detachable rims arc fitted. The wheelbase is 134 ins, and the track 58 ins. The chassis is provided with a,
seat box and cab front.
ON Stand No. 26 is to be found a oneton G.M.C. fitted with a lorry body, and shown by Bryson Bros. The G.M.C. is an Americas' vehicle built ea British lines, fin which the concessionnaires are the Anemia Motor Co. Ltd., of Brompton Road, London, SW.The engine is of the well-known Continental make Zi ins. here and 5. ins, stroke, and is in unit construction with the gearbox. A plunger-type oil pump, driven from the camshaft, feeds MI direct to the main bearings and the big-end troughs. A multiple-disc clutch conveys the drive to a three-speed and reverse gearbox, from which it is taken by a cardan shalt, provided with two universal joints of the star type, to a bevel-driven axle. Both brakee act on rear wheel drums.
A one-ten. G.M.C. lorry will also be shown on Stand No 3 by Robeit Anderson, of Newton Mearns.
CLAUD HAMILTON, Ltd., of Gins"-' ;sow, show a two-son Guy chassis fitted with a lorry body, having a. cab over the driver, on Stand No. 12. The partieular vehicle cheese has been sold tr. the Clyde Cold Storage Co The engine is four-cylinciered of 25 rep., cast en bloc, butwith-detachable heads. The valves are set at aa angle of 45 degrees, and by removing the cylinder heads they are exposed, as are also the pistons. The sparking plugs are situated over the centre of the pistons. The engine and gearbox are carried on is sub-frame, which is suspended from the main frame by three universal joints. The gearbox gives four speeds forward and a reverse,the shafts being carried en ball bearings. The change epeed gate and Iever are attached &reedy on the gearbox, so that,„-i-auniting is avoided. A milometer is driven by a skew gear from the gearbox. The back axle is of a. special denlide redaction and spur wheel type, provision being made so that the bevel and spur gears can be meshed independently.
By withdrawing the axle shafts, which aze attached to the hub caps, and disconnecting the rear universal joint, the whole of the gears and internal parts of axle can be removed.
HALLEY'S Industrial Motors, Ltd., are showing three of their new 3,5 h.p. sixeetlindered wermeleiven chassis en Stand No. 2. One is fitted with a 29-seatecl torpedo char-a-banes body, and the last is a chassis. All the Models are fitted with dynamo electric lighting acts. A fall description s)if this interesting chassis will be found in another part of this issue.
A Halley chassis is also, shown by Bryson Bros. on Stand No. 26.
A19.6 h.p.. one-ten chassis of this make is shown on Stand No. 14 by the Scottish Motor Traction Co., Ltd., of Edinburgh. This machine is fitted with a four-cerlindered engine, the cylinders being clef. en bloc. The engine and transmission are mounted on a sub-frame suspended at three points. The radiator is situated behind the engine, somewhat after the Renault style, thus rendering the engine particularly accessible. Water cooling is by centrifugal pump ;assisted by a fan. The pump and magneto are driven by a cross-shalt in front of the engine. Lubrication is also by pump. The gearbox provides three speeds and eeverse, the gears: being of the selective type. The letch is a dry plate multiple disc. A caliche' shaft provided with two universal joints carries the drive to a double axle, the final drive being by internal gears.
A 3-4-TON 50 h.p. Karrier chassis fitted with a platform lorry body is to be foiled on Stand No. 17. It is shown by the Western Motor Co. Ltd. The engine is four-eylindered with a bore and stroke of 5 ins. and 6 ins. respectively. Cooling water circulation is' by centrifugal pump, and the lubrication is pressure fed. The gearbox, which is situated amidships in the frame, provides few speeds forward and a reverse. The final drive is through beyel gears, which are contained in a cast steel axle casing. The driving shafts transmit the torque ottcy, the I6ad being carried by steel tubes hydraulically pressed into the axle easing. The svheeIbase is 14 ft. and the track 5 ft. 6 ins. The second exhibit is a K4 type chassis similar to that already described, but fitted with an electric lighting set and tipping gear.
ONE of the exhibits on Stand No. 14, occupied by the Scottish Motor Traction Co., Ltd., is a 2-ton Leers wagon fitted with a tipping body. The engine is a four-cylindered one, and' has a bore of ins, and a stroke of 5 ins. It-is governed up to 1,000 r.p.m.; other engine details include high-tension magneto ignition, a Zenith carburetter, automatic lubrication, and pump water circulation. The clutch is of the cone type, and the gearbox provides three speeds forward and a reverse, final drive being by means of roller chains.
The wheelbase of the chassis is 10 ft. 6 ins., and the track 4 ft. 11 ins.
EYLAND MOTORS, LTD., are showing two vehicles on Stand No. 18, one being a model G, 36-40-h.p., flat platform lorry-, -and the other being a model M, 36-40 hp., 28 seater de luxe char-A-bancs for delivery to the Edinburgh Corporation.
The former machine is one of the type of which the company have supplied 6,000 to tile War Office, and is an exact replica of the model A subsidy machine. It has bevel final transmission, whereas the other exhibit has a worm-driven rear axle.
The cliarl.-bancs is a particularly fine example of a modern-day passengercarrying vehicle and is handsomely finished. The vehicle shown is the fourth Leyland vehicle of its type to be delivered to the Edinburgh Corporation, and we are inforined that the company also hold instructions for five additional machi nes.
TWO fine Maudslays are lobe found on Stand No. 15, where they are shown by the Matedslay Motor Co. One is a 4-ton end-tipping vehicle 'specially constructed for carrying coal. The body is divided' into four compartments, so that the coal may be delivered in oneton Iota. The chaaeis is the well-known 4-ton type, with 40 lap. engine and double reduction rear axle. The other exhibit is a 3-ton lorry with detachable sides and fixed tailboard. The chassis is the standard 3-ton type with 32 h.p. engine and worm final drive. Maxwell.. ONLY one Maxis ell veniele is on show, and that will be found on the Robert Anders,on Stand, No. 3. The example shown is an 18-22 h.p chassis, designed to carry a load of 25 cwt. on solid tyres. The engine is a four-cylindered monobloc of 31 ins. bore and eq, ins. stroke, The cylinders are cast integral with the
top half of the crankcase. Coaling, is thermo-syphonic, and lubrication is by pressure to the main bearings and to troughs.
A cone clutch oonveys the drive to a three-speed gearbox bolted to the flywheel housing, and thence to a bevel'driven semi-floating rear axle. The axle casing is a Malleable iron casting.
n NA PIER AND SON, LTD., are D showing two vehicles on Stand No. 6. These are both of 2-ton capacity, one being a chassis and the other a complete vehicle with a standard utility body. The engine of this vehicle is a four-cylindereel one, with the cylinders cast in pairs, and the accessibility a all parts is a particular feature.
The engine is fitted with a governor of the centrifugal type, enclosed in an oiltight easing. The clutch is of the singledisc type. A change-speed lever operating in a gate quadrant controls the four forward speeds which, with the reverse, are provided for in the gearbox. Immediately to the rear of the gearbox is the foot brake, which contracting type. The rear axle high tensile steel. extends from hub log a housing for tial rear.
038 is of the usual external is a hollow forging of The axle casing itself to hub, its centre formthe worm and diliaren The wheel brakes are operated oy a hand lever and are of the internal-expanding type.
The road wheels are all carried on Timken roller hearings.
nENERAL :k1OTORS, Ltd., are showing through their agents, the Western Motor Co., Ltd., one of their one-ton Oldsmobile chassis on Stand No. 17. This is an entirely new chassis, which has only recently been put on the British market.
The four-cylindered engine has a 3]-1 ins, bore and a -5i ins. stroke. The valves are of the overhead type. Lubrication is by conibirad splash and 'forced feed, the oil being circulated by a gear. driven pump mounted on the gear cover and driven by generator armature shaft. By means of an induction tube hot air is taken from exhaust pipe to carburetter, thus ensuring more rapid vaporization of the fuel.
The clutch is a leather-faced cone, and the gearbox provides three forward
sp..eals and a reverse. The drive is taken from the gearbox through a tubular propeller shaft with two dustproof universal joints, to the rear axle, the final gear red-action at the rear wheels being 61 to 1.
The rear axle is of the OldsmobileTerbensinn internal gear type, consisting of two units, one for load carrying and the other for driving. Fin i Final drive s by means of spur gears on the jack shafts engaging with internal gears on the rear wheels The wheeis. are of the artillery type, and have demountable rims.
We hope to sisal more fully with this new one-ton chassis in a forthcoming issue.
A30-55-CW1. \ eilicke of this make is shown on Stand No. 14, which is occupied by the Scottish Motor Traction Co., Ltd. This chassis was introduced into England some years ago by Gaatons, Ltd., the well-known agents for American vehicles, and has met with much success ainongst British users. The engine is a four-cylindered monobloc of 25 h.p., governed to a speed of 1,200 r.p.m. The bore and stroke are respectively 3,?, ins, by 5 ins. The valves are ail on one side and of the ordinary type, enclosed by plates. Unit construction is employed for the engine, clutch casing, and gearbox. . The clutch is of the multiple-disc type.. The gearbox gives three forward speeds and a reverse, and the drive thence is taken through a tubular propeller,: haft fitted with Spicer universal joints. at each end. The final drive is of the well-known Tinikeu-David Brown type. Both sets a brakes operate on the rear wheels.
The wheels are of the wood artillery type. The tyres for all four wheels are identical in size, being 34 ins. by 31 ins. The wheelbase of the chassis is 11 ft.
8 ins., the leading space behind the driver's cab to the end of the frame being 9 ft. 6 ins.
TWO Stewart mcae:s are staged on Stand No. 21 by Messrs. H. Prosser, of Glasgow; one is a 15-ciat chassis and the other a 30-cwt.., fitted with a lorry body. The latter vehicle has a 22 h.p. Continental four-cylinderecl engine, 3g. ins. bore and 5 ins. stroke.
A multiple disc clutch, running drys,, takes the drive to a three-speed-and-re= verse gearbox provided with centre gear, control.
A rear axle of the doable type, in which one member takes the load and another drives, is employed, the final drive being by internal gears. Two sets of brakes are fitted, a hand brake operating on a drum behind the gearbox and a foot brake on drums bolted to the rear wheels and forming part of the final-drive gearing. The 15-cwt. chassis is very similar to the heavier model, except that it has a 20 h.p. Continental engine, only two universal joints and a band brake on the transmission instead of one with Shoes.
ASTRAKER-SQUIRE post-war A . model chassis, specially suitable for chars-a-bancs or buses, and capable of carrying leads of from 3 to 5 tons, is shown by the Peebles Motor Co., Ltd., Edinburgh,, on Stand No, 7. This -interesting chassis has an exceptionally large body space, which is obtained by positioning the engine so that the rear half of it is within the dash.
The engine is of particular interest, the cylinders and top half of the crankcase form one casting, whilst the cylinder heads form another. The valves are of the overhead type, and are operated by rockers which -float in vertical spring supports. The gearbox, which gives four speeds forward and reverse, is very compact.
The back axle has a pot-type casing, the worm gearing and differential being carried by the cover. The springing Is exceptionally well designed. Both brakes act on the rear wheel drums.
The engine and gearbox are supported in a sub-frame
Tcompany are in occupation of Stand No. 1, and are staging three complete vehicles. One is a 40 h.p. Xtype model, to the order -sf Messrs. William Beattie, of Denistoun Bakery, Glasgow. A second X-type vehicle is shown built to the repeat order of Messrs. G. and P. Barrie. The third vehicle is a J-type, which is built to a further repeat order of Messrs. Cowan, the well-known cartage coatraetors.
The general features of the -first chassis are representative of the three Thornyeroft models except, of course, that they vary in engine power and other details according to the varying load requiremen ts. On the 40 h.p. vehicle a four-cylindered power -u.nit is incorporated with a here and stroke of 114 aim. by 152 nom, Ssspectively. A cone type clutch is used as well as a four-speed gearbox. The final drive is by overhead worm gear. ?Apart from the three vehicles staged hy the company themselves, on Stand No. 14 occupied by the Scottish Motor Traction-Co Ltd. is exhibited a 40 h.p. J-type model fitted with an exceedingly handsome saloon bus body. It provides accommodation for 40 passengers in addition, to tile driver "whose seat is separ
ately enclosed. This vehicle increases the already large fleet of machinee owned by the Great North of Scotland Railway, and it is intended to be used as a. feeder to one of the North East of Scotland railway stations.
On Stand No. 26 Messrs. Bryson Bros. are also showing a 30 h.p. J-type Thornycroft vehicle, built to the orders of Messrs.. Andrew Motherwell and Son, of Glasgow. This vehicle is fitted with a small platform body built by Messrs. William Park, of Glasgow,
Titling Stevens, Ltd.
TWOvehicles comprise the exhibit on
Tilling-Stevens Motors, Ltd., . of Maidstone, on Stand No. 21. One will be 2L-ton gear-driven chassis fitted with tipping body, whilst the other will be a 4-ten petrol-electric chassis fitted witha single-deck saloon bus body. This vehicle has recently been completed for delivery to the Londonderry Corporation. The chassis of the tipping wagon possesses a four-cylirelered 25-30 h.p. engine, with a bore and stroke of 105 min. by 125 mm. respectively. The valves are of large diameter, and both inlet and exhaust valves are interchangeable. The engine is mounted on three-point suspension in a sub-frame, and earbuzation is effected by a Zenith a,ccessery. The gearbox provides four speeds forward and a reverse, the direct drive being on top speed.
The back axle is driven by an overhead worm, and the differential can be readily removed in one unit for inspection by simply removing the road wheel driving dogs and withdrawing the &hafts. • The tipping body is 9 ft. long by 5 ft. 6 ins. wide, and 1 ft. 3 ins, deep, all thew being inside measurements ; it is lined with' steel. The tipping gear is handoperated.
We think the construction of the 4-ton petrol-electrie chassis is familiar to most
of our readers. As is probably ivell known, it is an ideal type for passenger. vehiclework. The 40 h.p. engine is of the four-cylinder enclosed vertical type, with a bore of 4i ins. and a stroke of q ins.
The vehicle shown is fitted 'with a single-deck rear-entrance type Of body, capable of accommodating 20 passengers.
0 N Stand No. 19a is to he found a 30,10 cwt. Traffic vehicle shown by James Laidlaw and Sons, of Glasgow. The Traffic is a well-built American machine employing a Continental engine and a double roar axle in which one portion carries the lead and the other drives.
The engine has a bozo and stroke of 3.1 ins, and 5 ins. respectively. The four cylinders are east en bloc. Cooling water circulation is thermo-syphonie, the radiator being a heavy cast header and bottom tank type. Engine lubrication is by pressure. The high-tension magneto is provided with an impulse starter ensuring a hot spark when required. The gearbox is a Covert and the eardart shaft is in two sections provided with three universal ioints and impported at its centre by a 3 in. self-aligning Hyatt roller hearing.
Bath brakes operate on the rear wheel drums, one being of the internal-expanding type and the other the externalcontracting.
A50 twt. 35 h.p. worm-.driven machine of this make is shown on Stand No. 19a by James Laiellaw and Sons, -Glasgow. The engine is of the fourcylintlered type, with a bore and stroke of 4,÷.. ins. 51 ins. respectively. The
gearbox gives three speeds forward and reverse. Both the engine and gearbox have three-point suspension. The final transmission is by worm gearing, the rear springs acting as torque and radius rods. Both brakes act on drums bolted to the rear wheels.
'VULCAN Motor and Engineering Co., Ltd., show two vehicles On Stand No. 25, whilst their agents, Thomas Shaw (Dundee), Ltd., are also exhibiting a 30-ewt. model on Stand No. 30. On the Vulcan Co.'s stand a 30-cent, model is on. view, as well as a. complete vehicle fitted up as a small bus. The latter iseone of a, fleet of these vehicles which the company is
building for the Glasgow PeducationaI Authorities for the conveyance of delicate and infirm children to and from school. The bus body is erected on the 30-cwt. chassis.
The engine is four-cylindered having a bore of 90 mm. and a stroke of 130 mm., the power being transmitted through a four-speed gearbox mounted on a subframe and suspended at four points to the main frame, and thence to a commercial type rear axle and steel wheels shod with solid tyres.
The gearbox provides four forward speeds and a reverse, and the gears are specially heavy. The box is a square aluminium case and has a large detachable lid. The geLrshafts are mounted on ball bearings and a ball bearing is provided for the spigot end of the driven shaft. The control lever is centrally placed. The band brake is of the internal expanding type operating on drums on the rear wheels, whilst the foot brake acts externally on a drum behind the gearbox The front axle is a, drop steel forging of I section.
'Steering is of the fonr-life wornewheel and worm of heavy type.
The wheels are of east steel, and are fitted with tyres of 720 arm. by 90 mm. dimensions.
W. and G.
EXAMPLES of the W. and G. 2-tonner are staged on Stand Nos. 9 and 16, the forme.: tieing occupied by Roseleigh, Ltd., ei Edinburgh, whilst Rennie Motors, Ltd., are in occupation of the latter.
The engine is a four-cylindered one of the well-known Dorman make, which has been expressly designed for the W. and G. chassis. It has a bore and stroke of 95 mm. and 140 mm. respectively, and develops 25 h.p. at 1,000 r.p.m. The cylinders are of the L-headed pattern, cast monobloc. The lubrication is of the complete forced feed type, a large oil pump being located at the lowest point of the rump and driven by spiral gearing from the camshaft.
From the engine the edrive isteaken through a Ferodo-lined cone-clutch. The gearbox gives four feeeeard speeds arid a reverse, a. point of note in its construction being that it is cast in one piece. The carder) shift is Provided with a flexible disc joint at the front end and an enclosed type of joint at the rear end.
The final drive is by overhead worm. The axle casing is a sound job and the final drive shafts are sturdy.
The drive is taken through the rear springs, but a pressed-steel torque member is provided.
Both hand and foot brakes are of the internal expanding type-operating on the same drums placed side by side.
The road wheels are of cast eteel,• and 720 mm. in diameter, fitted with 865 mm. by 100 mm. tyres. The wheelbase of the chassis is 11 ft. 3 iris., the wheel track being 5 ft., while the overall length is 17 ft, 6 ins.
An example of the company's 50-cwt. vehicle is Also shown on the stand of Rennie Motors, Ltd., but as this chassis is similar in most respects to the larger model, we do not propose dealing with it here.
AN example of the Watson four-ton.,
lorry is ehown on Stead No. 31 by " Messrs. H. Prosser, of Glasgow. A detail , description of the chassis will be found elsewhere in this issue.
The interesting feature of this chassisis the rear transmission unit, in which the radius rods relieve the axes of much stress:
Accessories at the Show.
ALTHOUGH we have not heels able. to deal with tyres, accessories, etc., we would point out that large BUM' hers of necessities are being Shovai in the private-car section, and the visit-3r would be well advised to pay a visa to as many of these stands as possible.
In our centre pages will be found a list of the chief exhibitors of spares, tyret etc., useful in connection with commereial-motor vehicles: for instance-, Dunlap . tyres suitable for me on even the heaviest types of chare-a-ladnes, buses, and lorries will be found on Stand No. 110, and Firestone Giant pneumatics en Stand No. 93. The Goodyear 44 in. by 10 in. pneumatic is shown on Stand No. ; 115, and solid tyres are exhibited by the . Awe Indiarulager CO. on Stand No. 80; A. D. Beggs on Stand No. 92; the B. F. Goodrich Co. on Stand No. 77, as well as by the makers already mentioned in conjunction with large pneumatics.
S. Smith and Sens show, on Stand NO. 99, a very complete exhibit compri,ieg the Smith carburetter, K.L.G. sparking
plugs, M.L. magnetos, etc. Brown. .> Bros., Ltd. on Stsnd No. 116, show, amongst other specialities, the'Broltelec-': tric lighting and starting equipments, and Reybestos